Communicable Disease Chart

  • Communicable Disease Chart
     

    Disease
    *Immunization Available

    Usual Interval Between
    Exposure and First
    Symptoms of Disease

    Main Symptoms

    Minimum
    Exclusion
    From School

    Chickenpox 13 to 17 days Mild symptoms and fever. Pocks are "blistery." Develop scabs, most on covered parts of body. 7 days from onset of pocks or until pocks become dry.
    Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye) 24 to 72 hours Tearing, redness and puffy lids, eye discharge. Until treatment begins or physician approves readmission.
    Erythemia Infectiosum
    (Fifth Disease)
    4 to 20 days Usual age 5 to 14 years – unusual in adults. Starts with a low-grade fever followed by Erythemia (slapped cheek) appearance on cheeks, lace-like rash on extremities lasting a few days to 3 weeks. Rash seems to recur. After diagnosis no exclusion from school
    German Measles* (Rubella) 14 to 23 days Usually mild. Enlarged glands in neck and behind ears. Brief red rash. 7 days from onset of rash. Keep away from pregnant women.
    Haemophilus Meningitis 2 to 4 days Fever, vomiting, lethargy, stiff neck and back. Until physician permits return.
    Hepatitis A Variable-15 to 50 (average 28 to 30) days Abdominal pain, nausea, usually fever. Skin and eyes may or may not turn yellow. 14 days from onset of clinical disease and at least 7 days from onset of jaundice.
    Impetigo 1 to 3 days Inflamed sores, with pus 48 hours after antibiotic therapy started or until physician permits return.
    Measles* 10 days to fever; 14 days to rash Begins with fever, conjunctivitis, runny nose, cough, and then blotchy red rash. 4 days from onset of rash.
    Meningococcal Meningitis 2 to 10 (commonly 3 to 4) days Headache, nausea, stiff neck, fever. Until physician permits return.
    Mumps* 12 to 25 (commonly 18) days Fever, swelling and tenderness of glands at angle of jaw. 9 days after onset of swollen glands or until swelling disappears.
    Pediculosis (head/body lice) 7 days for eggs to hatch Lice and nits (eggs) in hair. 24 hours after adequate treatment to kill lice and nits.
    Ringworm of Scalp 1 to 3 days Sudden onset, vomiting, sore throat, fever, later fine rash (not on face). Rash usually only with first infection. 24 hours after antibiotics started and no fever.
    Scabies 2 to 6 weeks initial exposure; 1 to 4 days reexposure Tiny burrows in skin caused by mites Until 24 hours after treatment.
    Scarlet Fever
    Scarlatina
    Strep Throat
    1 to 3 days Sudden onset, vomiting, sore throat, fever, later fine rash (not on face). Rash usually only with first infection. 24 hours after antibiotics started and no fever.
    Whooping Cough* (Pertussis) 7 to 10 days Head cold, slight fever, cough, and characteristic whoop after about 2 weeks. 5 days after start of antibiotic treatment.